Artifical Islands (linear city SkyWay in Abu Dhabi)
The global market is waiting for the emergence of a fundamentally new transport and infrastructure technology meeting the following requirements:
- economic, resource and fuel efficiency;
- all-round safety, including environmental friendliness;
- freight and passenger applicability;
- a wide range of available distances;
- a wide range of speeds up to 500 km per hour;
- ruggedness and suitability to extreme climate conditions.
SkyWay technologies meet all of the above.
Transport and infrastructure arm of SkyWay technologies is a multitude of transportation and development and engineering solutions fitting well into the natural environment, creating a comfortable, environmentally friendly, and safe urban habitat. For simplicity this complex is hereinafter referred to as Linear City.
Linear City is a cluster-type urban settlement, where the surface of the earth is meant for pedestrians and green plants, while transport, energy and information networks are elevated above the ground on the 'second level'.
There is only one mode of transportation in the city - horizontal lifts connecting the high-rise towers, spaced at 500 meters and more (up to 3 km) from each other and placed along one line, or several parallel and intersecting lines.
SkyWay Linear City can be built in the desert, at waterlogged and challenging construction sites (difficult terrain), as well as offshore.
Line City concept for Abu Dhabi was developed in accordance with the emirate's objectives set forth in the following framework documents:
- Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030;
- Urban Planning vision 2030;
- Plan Capital 2030;
- Plan Maritime 2030;
- Plan Al Ain 2030;
- Plan Al Gharbia 2030.
SkyWay transport and infrastructure technologies underpinning the Linear City meet all the key requirements of the Estidama national development system.
The basic principle of the construction of each infrastructure cluster is that it is a pedestrian quarter, in which comfortable low-rise buildings are put between the multi-functional high-rise buildings connected by a horizontal lift, with widespread landscaping of urban areas and use of renewable energy sources.
The horizontal lifts are the key element of the system - they are the transport arteries connecting neighboring high-rise buildings, settlements, residential, shopping, entertainment and other clusters, allowing for comfortable transit within a few minutes. An important advantage is that the cost of the public transport can be included, as it is done with conventional elevators in the buildings, into the square meter price of the Linear City premises, while keeping the average market price for new residential premises.
In fact, when implementing the SkyWay Linear City development project, the Abu Dhabi Department of Transport is basically pursuing the state policy on modernization of public transport while not spending the budget.
At the same time substantial savings are offered due to:
- reduced cost of construction of paved roads - up to 90%;
- reduced cost of maintenance of paved roads - up to 90%;
- reduced harmful emissions into the ambient air - up to 90%;
- reduced energy consumption by transport - up to 90%;
- reduced municipal transport costs - up to 90%;
- reduced costs of irrigation of green areas due to recreation of fertile soil - up to 90%;
- reduced cost of urban landscaping - up to 100%.
The benefits offered by SkyWay transport and infrastructure complex:
- Low cost of construction and transport services
Construction of the SkyWay transport complex is 2-3 times cheaper than a railway (streetcar) and 3-5 times than a motor roads system, 10-15 times cheaper than monorail and 15-20 times cheaper than magnetic suspension trains, while offering 3-5-fold lower cost of transportation.
- Low power consumption
Power consumption is 5-7 times lower than that of the existing transport systems that use steel wheels or magnetic cushion, 15-20 times lower in comparison with transport running on pneumatic tires (motor vehicles) or hovering vehicles (aviation, WIG, helicopters).
- Minimal footprint
The land plot required for the transport and infrastructure complex is roughly 100 times smaller in comparison with road and rail (tram) systems, and when using the suspension system for connecting urban high-rise buildings there is no need for expensive land allocation for transport at all.
- Full automation
Automation of the transport and infrastructure complex and optimal transport logistics - in the Linear City the average home-to-work commute will not take more than 15-20 minutes at distances up to 15 kilometers.
- Unprecedented safety
High level of transport and environment safety and anti-terrorist security, as there are no intersections, pedestrian crossings, oncoming traffic with the risk of head-on collisions, while the high-rise string-rail track structure has a tenfold safety factor and is not accessible for vandals, and the rolling stock is equipped with a derailing-prevention system.
- High-speed performance
Public transport - up to 120-150 km/h; intercity high-speed transport - up to 450-500 km/h.
- Minimal operating costs
Operating costs are 5-7 times lower than in case of the motor road system, and 2-3 times lower than those of the rail (streetcar) transport.
- Using renewable energy
The SkyWay transport complex uses electric motors for efficient and low-cost 'steel wheel - steel rail' coupling (including use of a unique motor-wheel) and can cover 100% of its energy needs with renewable energy - solar and wind.
- Restoring the fertile soil
It is possible to restore fertile soil and natural ecosystems - fauna and flora (SkyWay-Agro technology) - in any habitat, including in the desert.
- No harmful impact on people and the environment
Harmful impact - exhaust gases, noise, vibration, electromagnetic and other radiation are 15-20 times lower than those of the road systems and 2-3 times lower than in case of rail (streetcar) and monorail tracks.
- Cost- and time-efficiency
Cost and time saving for passengers and shippers: time of city transit (delivery of goods) is reduced by up to 1-1.5 hours per day, translated into up to 20-30 USD per day per passenger or ton of cargo.
- Fast payback
SkyWay transport and infrastructure complex has unprecedented payback period: 2 to 3 years.
To illustrate the layout of SkyWay Linear City we have chosen the difficult and hard-to-get-to Al Hudayriat Island to the south of Abu Dhabi (the state reserve lands).
Bird's eye view of Al Hudayriat Island (Google Earth), 2015.
The following are the options for placement of SkyWay Linear City on the Al Hudayriat Island showcasing various concepts of desert and inaccessible areas reclamation in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi:
- Option 1: National Park on the Al Hudayriat Island with SkyWay Linear Cities around the perimeter of the island and off the shore.
- Option 2. Eco-city on the Al Hudayriat Island with the jungle and the SkyWay linear city off the shore.
- Option 3: Cluster-type Ecocity on the Al Hudayriat Island with Skyway Linear City off the shore.
- Option 4: Cluster-type Ecocity on the Al Hudayriat Island with the jungle and the Skyway Linear City off the shore.
Option 1: National Park on the Al Hudayriat Island with SkyWay Linear Cities around the perimeter of the island and off the shore
Option 2. Eco-city on the Al Hudayriat Island with the jungle and the SkyWay linear city off the shore
Option 3: Cluster-type Ecocity on the Al Hudayriat Island with Skyway Linear City off the shore
Option 4: Cluster-type Ecocity on the Al Hudayriat Island with the jungle and the Skyway Linear City off the shore
Every proposed development project is revolutionary in terms of its infrastructure performance and can be accepted by the customer for implementation.
For more details - see the attached commercial offer 'SkyWay Linear City in Abu Dhabi'.