A linear city is an urban settlement of cluster type in which the surface of the earth is intended for pedestrians and green plants, and transport, energy and information communications are located above the ground on the 'second level' (on special supports).
The basic principle of the construction of each infrastructure cluster is a pedestrian quarter, in which comfortable low-rise buildings with the widespread greening of urban areas and the use of renewable energy sources are located between multifunctional high-rise buildings, all interconnected by horizontal lifts.
The key element of the system are horizontal lifts (transport arteries), connecting the neighboring high-rise buildings, settlements, residential, shopping, entertainment and other clusters, allowing people to comfortably move between them in a matter of minutes. An important advantage is that the cost of public transport can be included, as with conventional elevators in the buildings, into the cost per square meter of a quarter of the linear city while maintaining the average comparative cost of new housing.
Advantages of the SkyWay transport and infrastructure complex:
Low net cost of construction and transport service
Construction of the SkyWay transport complex is less costly by 2–3 times compared with railroad (tram) complexes; by 3–5 times – than automobile complexes, by 10–15 times – than a monorail road and by 15–20 times – than a magnetic levitation train, with simultaneous reduction of transport net cost by 3–5 and more times.
Low power consumption
Power consumption is by 5−7 times lower than in the existing transportation systems that use steel wheels or magnetic levitation; by 15−20 times lower in comparison with vehicles on pneumatic tyres (motor transport) or using air cushion (aircraft, ground effect vehicles, helicopters).
Minimum land acquisition
The acquisition of land for the transport and infrastructure complex is less by approximately 100 times in comparison with motor-road and rail (tram) systems. Moreover, in case of using a suspended system for communication between urban high-rise buildings there is no costly land acquisition for transport at all.
Automation of the transport and infrastructure complex and optimal transport logistics; in the framework of the linear city the average time spent by a passenger in transit from home to work is not more than 15−20 minutes at distances up to 15 kilometers.
Highest safety level
High transport, environmental and anti-terrorism safety, due to the exclusion of intersections, pedestrian crossings and oncoming lanes, where frontal collisions of rolling stock are possible. In addition, the high-rise string-rail track structure has a tenfold safety factor and is inaccessible to vandals, and the rolling stock is equipped with an anti-derailment system.
High speed performance
Urban transport – up to 120–150 km/h; high-speed intercity transport – up to 450–500 km/h.
Minimum operating costs
Operating costs are reduced by 5–7 times compared with automobile and by 2–3 times in comparison with railway (tram) transport.
Use of renewable power sources
The SkyWay transport complex with electric motors for efficient and cost effective movement on a 'steel wheel – steel rail' design (including the application of a unique motor-wheel) can cover 100% of its power needs by renewable energy sources – solar and wind.
Recovery of live fertile soil
Live fertile soil and natural ecosystems (flora and fauna) can be recovered in any natural environment, including a desert.
Lack of harmful effects on humans and the natural environment
The harmful effects of exhaust gases, noise, vibration, electromagnetic and other radiations are reduced by 15−20 times compared with motor transport and by 2−3 times – with rail (tram) and monorail ways.
Saving time and financial expenses
Savings for passengers and cargo shippers: time travel (cargo delivery) within city limits is reduced by 1−1.5 hours per day or by USD 20−30 per day calculated per one passenger or a ton of cargo.
Short payback period
The SkyWay transport and infrastructure complex has an unprecedented payback period: from 2 to 3 years.
Presentation of SkyWay Linear City
Specialists of JSC 'String Technologies' prepared a presentation of SkyWay Linear City, that was presented to the top-management of Ministry of Transport in Abu Dhabi. Hard-to-reach island Al Hudayriat to the south of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates was chosen as an example for the construction.